Prevention of pedestrian fatalities is currently one of the most important priorities by state and federal agencies. For example, recently Governor Sandoval requested to the Nevada Department of Transportation to assign the highest priority to the prevention of pedestrian fatalities.
Governor Sandoval followed his request with the approval of additional resources used to prevent these types of fatalities. There is consensus that human factors/errors are the most significant contributors to the occurrence and severity of a crash.
However, changing behavior is extremely challenging. Although enforcement is one of the most effective mechanisms to improve behavior, it is very costly to cover the entire network of streets and hot spots. In the context of autonomous vehicles, system failures and/or malfunction represents a significant safety concern that can be addressed through redundancy using technology such as the one proposed in this proposal.